Oliver Bleher, Aline Schindler, Meng-Xin Yin, Andrew B. Holmes, Peter B. Luppa, Günter Gauglitz, Günther Proll
Autoimmune diseases are characterized by the presence of autoantibodies in serum of affected patients. The heterogeneity of autoimmune relevant antigens creates a variety of different antibodies, which requires a simultaneous detection mode. For this reason, we developed a tool for parallelized, label-free, optical detection that accomplishes the characterization of multiple antigen–antibody interactions within a single measurement on a timescale of minutes. Using 11-aminoundecyltrimethoxysilane, we were able to immobilize proteinogenic antigens as well as an amino-functionalized cardiolipin on a glass surface. Assay conditions were optimized for serum measurements with a single spot antigen chip on a single spot 1-λ detection system. Minimized background signal allows a differentiation between patients and healthy controls with a good sensitivity and specificity. Applying polarized imaging reflectometric interference spectroscopy, we evaluated samples from three APS patients and three control subjects for this proof-of-principle and already obtained good results for β2-glycoprotein I and cardiolipin.